Dandruff or Seborrhea is a common non-contagious condition of skin areas rich in
oil glands like the face, scalp, and upper trunk that are marked by flaking (overproduction
of skin cells) and sometimes redness and itching (inflammation) of the scalp. It
varies in severity from mild flaking of the scalp to scaly, red patches.
- People who do not comb or brush their hair regularly
have a slightly higher risk of having dandruff - this is because they are not aiding
the shedding of skin that combing or brushing provides.
- People with dry skin tend to get dandruff more often. Winter cold air, combined
with overheated rooms is a common cause of itchy, flaking skin.
- People with Seborrheic dermatitis are very prone to dandruff and it affects many
areas of the skin, including the backs of the ears, the breastbone, eyebrows, and
the sides of the nose, not just the scalp. The patient will have red, greasy skin
covered with flaky white or yellow scales.
- Some people react to some hair care products with a red, itchy, scaling scalp. Many
experts say that shampooing too often may cause dandruff as it can irritate the
- Some experts say that people who do not consume enough foods that contain Zinc,
Vitamin B and some types of fats are more prone to dandruff.
Most cases of dandruff are easy to control with non-prescription home measures.
- Frequent (daily) shampooing or a longer lather time.
- Stop using any hairstyling products.
- If a regular daily shampoo fails, consider an over-the-counter dandruff shampoo.
- To remove thick scale, apply warm mineral oil or olive oil and wash out several
hours later with dishwashing liquid or a tar shampoo.